WHO Investigates Health Effects of Wind Turbine Noise & Infrasound

insomnia

Wind Warning to World Health Organization-Europe (turbine health effects in the crosshairs)
Master Resource
Sherri Lange
19 July 2016

“We are hopeful that your deliberations will result in tough new European guidelines which in turn will prompt a serious worldwide examination of all aspects of this problem, including the widely-reported effects on animals.”

– Dr. Mauri Johansson, Dr. Sarah Laurie, et al. (below)

The World Health Organization (WHO) is currently modernizing its noise guidelines for industrial wind turbines, last revised in 1999. And new evidence is accumulating that the huge wind turbines, tasked with turning dilute energy into usable electricity, cause a variety of ills.

Mrs. Christine Metcalfe, UK spokesperson, and chief author of the communication/media release (below) to Marie-Eve Héroux of WHO, brings attention to the following negative health effects of industrial wind turbines: sleep disturbance, cognitive impairment, mental health and wellbeing, as well as cardiovascular disease, hearing impairment, tinnitus, and adverse birth outcomes.

Background

Since 2012, it has become increasingly clear that worldwide complaints are universal in nature, and accruing to the status of a pandemic. Mrs. Metcalfe indicates that “Complaints of severe sleep deprivation, severe chronic stress, and disabling vestibular dysfunction symptoms (dizziness, vertigo etc.,) abound, with problems varying from site to site depending upon local topography, height and number of turbines, inter-turbine distances, and the distance between turbines and homes.

The common thread to the reported symptoms (known as “noise annoyance”) is the activation of the startle reflex, which can be triggered by acoustic, vestibular, and tactile stimuli – which if activated together can have a synergistic effect, and that ….To argue that the sleep disturbance, physiological stress and vestibular dysfunction symptoms and their serious long term adverse health consequences don’t exist or are caused by scaremongering is neither scientifically correct, nor morally or ethically defensible.”

Members having contributed to the letter and Open Letter, soon to be published, additionally express the need to include rising accounts of adverse health impacts to wildlife and domestic animals, as well as pets. (This has ironically in the past not been the inclusive nature of discussion of noise impacts by WHO, despite well-known historic and ongoing ignoble attempts to prove human impacts based on animal testing.)

The circulation of this media release worldwide will, at a minimum, put pressure on WHO to incorporate now aggregate and quite unquestionable impacts to health of all living things. It is hoped that the Panel charged with the assimilation of recent world data, science, and impact statements, will respond appropriately.

Please read the entire media release here:

The European office of the World Health Organisation (WHO) is in the process of developing Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region as a regional update to the WHO Community Noise Guidelines.

The new Guidelines will be based upon a review of evidence of the health effects of environmental noise in the light of significant research carried out in the last few years.

For the first time the panel is investigating adverse health issues in local residents following the construction of wind turbines, the health benefits of noise mitigation and possible government intervention to decrease noise levels.

It will look at adverse affects such as: sleep disturbance, annoyance, cognitive impairment, mental health and wellbeing, cardiovascular diseases, hearing impairment and tinnitus and adverse birth outcomes.

A number of experts, and concerned individuals who have gained some expertise in this field have sent an Open Letter to members of the panel welcoming the investigation. (1)

Christine Metcalfe, U.K. spokesperson for the group, said today:

‘Complaints of adverse health impacts from those forced to live close to wind turbines continue to rise. These involve both audible noise including low frequency noise, and inaudible noise below 20 Hz, known as infrasound. Both audible and inaudible lower frequency noise can cause unpleasant sensations including pressure and vibration, at sound levels which may not be audible.

Complaints of severe sleep deprivation, severe chronic stress, and disabling vestibular dysfunction symptoms (dizziness, vertigo etc.,) abound, with problems varying from site to site depending upon local topography, height and number of turbines, inter-turbine distances, and the distance between turbines and homes. The common thread to the reported symptoms (known as “noise annoyance”) is the activation of the startlereflex, which can be triggered by acoustic, vestibular, and tactile stimuli – which if activated together can have a synergistic effect (2).

To argue that the sleep disturbance, physiological stress and vestibular dysfunction symptoms and their serious long term adverse health consequences don’t exist or are caused by scaremonger nor morally or ethically defensible. This is particularly the case on the part of medical or acoustical professionals, in view of both their training, and their respective professional obligations to protect the health and safety of the public.

Despite mounting anecdotal and academic evidence, no health monitoring is underway nor mitigation against adverse health effects following the construction of wind turbines which remains shockingly absent from planning guidelines in many European countries. It is imperative that new guidelines encourage governments better to safeguard the health of their citizens.

We remain hopeful that the panel’s deliberations will result in tough new European guidelines which in turn will prompt a serious worldwide examination of all aspects of this problem, including the widely-reported effects on animals. Although not part of the current WHO remit, there is an urgent need for governments not to abrogate responsibility for examining rising numbers of reported effects on wildlife and domestic animals.

We also trust and hope that the panel will issue stringent guidelines to European governments to ensure that those whose health is currently badly affected can look forward to some workable mitigation or removal of implicated turbines. Only then can future populations be protected from suffering the hell that has been inflicted upon some wind farm neighbors.

Overview of some of the academic reports on human health:

A former Consultant in Sleep Disorders Medicine highlighted in his article in the 2014 issue of the British Medical Journal, amongst other warnings, the particular sleep deprivation dangers to children (3):

‘Sleep disturbance may be a particular problem in children, and it may have important implications for public health. When seeking to generate renewable energy through wind, governments must ensure that the public will not suffer harm from additional ambient noise.’ His co-author wrote in Principia Scientific International in 2014 (4):

‘The current guideline on -Rseparation-97andismanifestlyout ofdistance date. It is only relevant to the small turbine turbines means that the current recommendation on turbine separation is grossly inad

Salt and Lichtenhan of the Washington School of Medicine published an article in the British periodical Acoustics Today in 2014 which concluded:

‘Given the present evidence, itmbleseemsthat risky at infrasound stimulation of the ear stays confined to the ear and has no other effects on the body. For this to be true, all the mechanisms we have outlined (low-frequency-induced amplitude modulation, low frequency sound-induced endolymph volume changes, infrasound stimulation of type II afferent nerves, infrasound exacerbation of noise-induced damage and direct infrasound stimulation of vestibular organs) would have to be insignificant. We know this is highly unlikely and we anticipate novel findings in the coming years that will influence the debate. (5)

In Australia in 2013 the Waubra Foundation issued what it described as an explicit warning notice to Planning Authorities, Departments of Health, Environmental Protection Agencies, Federal, State and Local Governments, Wind Industry Developers and Acoustic Consultants. These included references to the 1985 and 1987 Kelly evidence on wind turbine noise and infrasound, the need for regularly updating latest evidence on dose exposure, plus multidisciplinary acoustic & physiological research needs. (6)

At an International Congress on Sound and Vibration in Florence, Italy in 2015, a paper presented by Dr. Christian Koch demonstrated findings on investigations of perception at infrasound frequencies via the use of FMRI and MEG methods. (7)

The German Medical Assembly meeting in Frankfurt last year called on the German government to conduct urgent scientific research into reported noise issues.

It is crucial to stress the wind turbine’s specific noise character. It is already known that the so-called ‘annoyance’ level at 40 dBA from wind f noise, and this has recently been attributed in part to amplitude modulation by experienced acousticians such as Dr Geoff Leventhall (UK), (8) Dr Paul Schomer (USA, former Director of Acoustic Standards) and Steven Cooper (Australia).

Wind turbine noise emissions comprise a number of features including a complex and vibrant sound mix, cylindrical sound propagation and refraction from the high levels, distinct peaks at the blade pass frequency, high proportion of infrasound and low frequency noise, and the sharp noise level in quiet areas especially during nights and cold seasons. It highlights strongly that wind power sound has a very characteristic sound profile, and that this must be specifically considered in the new regulations.’

And on animals:

A study of badgers notes the paucity of data existing with which to assess the effects of wind turbines noise on terrestrial wildlife, despite growing concern about the impact of infrasound from wind farms on human health and well-being. It features the stress hormone cortisol levels of badgers living in close proximity to wind turbines:

‘We suggest that the higher cortisol levels in affected badgers is caused by the turbines’ sound and that these high levels may affect badgers’ immune systems, which could result in increased risk of infection and disease in the badger population. (9)

Another study on effects on pig-rearing in Poland was conducted to assess the effect of rearing pigs at three different distances from a wind turbine (50, 500 and 1000 m) on the physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of loin and neck muscles. Avoiding noise-induced stress is important not only for maintaining meat quality but also for improving animal welfare. (10)

Dr Mariana Alves-Pereira of the Lusofona University in Portugal has been researching vibroacoustic disease since 1980 initially focussed on the low frequency noise (LFN) that impacted aeronautical technicians. Late in 2013, she presented a case study from Portugal where a family had been exposed for seven years to LFN caused by the operation of nearby wind turbines. Testing showed the increase in LFN inside the home was associated with turbine operation. Medical tests showed the people who were living inside the home had impaired brain function in relation to responding to stimuli as well as their control of breathing. The syndrome is known as Vibro-Acoustic Disorder. (11)

writing_a_letter

Open Letter to the members of the panel developing the WHO Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region.

Marie-Eve Héroux Marco Paviotti. Wolfgang Babisch. Göran Pershagen Goran Belojevic. Kerstin Persson Waye. Mark Brink. Anna Preis. Sabine Janssen. Stephen Stansfield. Peter Lercher. Martin van den Berg. Jos Verbeek.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

We understand that you are currently in the process of developing the WHO Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region as a regional update to the WHO Community Noise Guidelines. We also understand that:

  1. The new Guidelines will be based upon a review of evidence on the health effects of environmental noise in the light of significant research carried out in the last few years.
  2. The guidelines will review evidence on the health benefits of noise mitigation and interventions to decrease noise levels.
  3. The evidence will be systematically reviewed to assess likely effects such as: sleep disturbance, annoyance, cognitive impairment, mental health and wellbeing, cardiovascular diseases, hearing impairment and tinnitus and adverse birth outcomes.
  4. One of the sources of noise you are investigating is that from wind turbines which was not addressed in previous guidelines.

We welcome your review because, despite mounting anecdotal and academic evidence, for too long mitigation against adverse health effects following the construction of wind turbines has been absent from planning guidelines and noise pollution regulations in many European countries, especially with respect to sound below 200 Hz.

There is a pressing need for new guidelines to encourage governments better to safeguard the health of their citizens.

You will be aware that these problems are not confined to Europe. Neither are they confined to human beings.

We are hopeful that your deliberations will result in tough new European guidelines which in turn will prompt a serious worldwide examination of all aspects of this problem, including the widely-reported effects on animals.

Yours sincerely,

The undersigned:

N.B. 118 and rising, full copy available. Signatories to the letter to the World Health Organisation Expert Panel revising the Environmental Noise guidelines include the following health professionals and scientists: Medical Practitioners: Dr Mauri Johansson & Per Fisker (Denmark), Dr. Sarah Laurie (Australia) Dr. Hakan Enbom (Sweden), Professor Alun Evans (Ireland), Dr Angela Armstrong and Dr Rachel Conner (Scotland), Professor Dr Zuhal Okuyan and Professor Dr Ali Osman Karababa (Turkey), Dr Robert McMurtry (Canada), and Dr David Lawrence (USA), Osteopath Dr Johannes Meyer (Germany and USA), Psychologist Professor Arline Bronzaft, (USA) Nursing Practitioner Norma Schmidt (Canada), Physiotherapist Virpi Polkolainen (Finland), Audiologist Professor Jerry Punch, (USA), Medical Physicist Dr Mireille Oud (The Netherlands), Professor of Otolaryngology and Neurophysiologist Alec Salt (USA), Physicist Dr John Harrison (Canada) and Scientist Dr Bruce Rapley, (New Zealand).

Engineers who signed the Open Letter include Biomedical Engineer Dr Mariana Alves Pereira (Portugal), Acoustical Engineers Sven Johannsen and Erik Brunner (Germany), Steven Cooper (Australia), Emeritus Professor Colin Hansen(Australia) Rick James, Rob Rand, Steven Ambrose and Bill Acker (USA) Nicholas Kouwen, PhD., P.Eng., FASCE. Distinguished Professor Emeritus and Adjunct Professor Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. University of Waterloo. (Canada) and other engineers including Ove Bjorklund (Sweden) and Peter Mitchell (Australia). 4

———————————————–

  1. See above.
  2. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2002 Jan;26(1):1-11. Tactile, acoustic and vestibular systems sum to elicit the startle reflex. Yeomans JS1, Li L, Scott BW, Frankland PW. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11835980
  3. Wind Turbine Noise, British Medical Journal, 3 Oct 12 Authors: Christopher D Hanning, honorary consultant in sleep medicine, Sleep Disorders Service, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester LE5 4PW, UK and Alun Evans, professor emeritus, Centre Belfast, Institute of Clinical Science B, Belfast, UK http://nieuwerustnoisewatch.org/wp-content/documents/peer-reviewed-articles/15-B-M%20J Noise.pdf
  4. Wind Farms and Health, Principia Scientific International, 3 April 14 Author: Alun Evans Professor Emeritus Belfast University http://docs.wind-watch.org/Evans-wind-farms-health.pdf
  5. How Does Wind Turbine Noise Affect People?, Acoustics Today, winter 2014 Authors: Alec N. Salt and Jeffery T. Lichtenhan, Department of Otolaryngology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110 http://www.windturbinesyndrome.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Salt-et-al.-on-Wind Turbine-Syndrome.pdf
  6. Explicit warning notice, Waubra Foundation, 22 November 13 http://waubrafoundation.org.au/wp content/uploads/2013/11/Explicit_Warning_Notice_Final_22_November_2013.pdf
  7. http://en.friends-against-wind.org/doc/Full_paper_Koch_V2.pdf
  8. http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/committees/commsen/076b72db-0da0-4ca6 bffe b0a0cea05550/toc_pdf/Senate%20Select%20Committee%20on%20Wind%20Turbines_2015 _06_23_3580_Official.pdf;fileType=application%2Fpdf#search=%22committees/commsen/0 76b72db-0da0-4ca6-bffe-b0a0cea05550/0000%22
  9. Wind turbines cause chromic stress in badgers (Meles Meles) Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 52(3), 2016, pp. 000–000 _ Wildlife Disease Association. June 2016 Roseanna C. N. Agnew,1,2,4 Valerie J. Smith,3 and Robert C. Fowkes1 www.jwildlifedis.org/doi/abs/10.7589/2015-09-231
  10. The effect of varying distances from the wind turbine on meat quality of growing-finishing pigs. Ann. Anim. Sci., Vol. 15, No. 4 (2015) 1043–1054 DOI: 10.1515/aoas-2015-0051. Małgorzata Karwowska, Jan Mikołajczak, Zbignie, Department of Meat Technology and Food Quality, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Skromna 8, 20-704 Lublin, Poland www.wind-watch.org/documents/page/
  11. Vibroacoustic disease: Biological effects of infrasound and low-frequency noise explained by mechanotransduction cellular signalling. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Volume 93, Issues 1–3, January–April 2007, Pages 256-279 Mariana Alves-Pereira, Nuno A.A. Castelo Branco www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0079610706000927

Master Resource

sleep with turbines

About stopthesethings

We are a group of citizens concerned about the rapid spread of industrial wind power generation installations across Australia.

Comments

  1. Reblogged this on UPPER SONACHAN WIND FARM.

  2. estherfonc says:

    Hi,

    I started a petition “SA PREMIER JAY WEATHERILL : Demand the resignation of the Energy Minister for HIGH POWER PRICES CAUSING SA’s JOBS CRISIS and also 15,000 household POWER DISCONNECTIONS, frequent POWER BLACKOUTS and the JULY 2016 POWER CRISIS” and wanted to see if you could help by adding your name.

    Our goal is to reach 100 signatures and we need more support.

    You can read more and sign the petition here:

    https://www.change.org/p/sa-premier-jay-weatherill-demand-the-resignation-of-the-energy-minister-for-high-power-prices-causing-sa-s-jobs-crisis-and-also-15-000-household-power-disconnections-frequent-power-blackouts-and-the-july-2016-power-crisis?recruiter=135406845&utm_source=share_petition&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=share_email_responsive

    Please share this petition with anyone you think may be interested in signing it.

    Thankyou for your time.

  3. Jackie Rovensky says:

    Well done all those who have signed the above.
    WHO, must remember when reviewing the subject of human and animal health in relation to emissions from Industrial Wind Turbines, the problem is worldwide as demonstrated above and as such they must when making changes relevant to the European ‘theatre’ remember other countries, continents and regions will have different variables to be considered. These variables include the geology of areas, topography, current land use, and existing environment prior to installation of Industrial Turbines and the numbers of turbines existing and/or proposed for areas as well as the concentration of local populations.
    To be able to retain the title of a ‘World’ Health Organisation they must ensure they conduct research and consider this is a worldwide issue, noise ‘annoyance’ and subsequent deterioration of human and animal health is not restricted to noise from road traffic, railways and Air traffic, it is caused by industrialisation and installation of arrays of Industrial Wind Turbines, with ever increasing height, blade length and capacity is definitely industrialisation of rural, regional districts.
    There are around the world regulations governing where noisy industries can be installed, there are regulations governing aspects of noisy social activities but at no time has the full emissions of Industrial Wind Turbines been thoroughly considered and evaluated to prevent harm.
    This is a human and animal medical health issue it is not an issue that should be considered the same as a generalised numerically determined sociological Public Health issue. Those suffering are individuals and the effects these people and animals are suffering are causing them harm.
    While present numbers may not meet the requirement of a world epidemic it is only the case now, the numbers of sufferers is increasing by the day and the more Industrial Turbines installed the more people and animals will be adversely affected. When numbers reach epidemic proportions it will be too late to prevent permanent damage being caused too many more people and animals health.
    This matter requires WHO to immediately enactment The Precautionary Principle and call on all countries to stop installation of these Industrial Turbines until the full implications have been assessed.

  4. E Griffiths says:

    You can read my submission to the WHO here:
    http://en.friends-against-wind.org/testimonies/torture-from-industrial-wind-turbines

    It is too long to copy here.

    Note to STT: If you wish to publish my WHO submission in a future article, you have my blessing.

    • Crispin Trist says:

      Wonderful submission E. Griffiths. I especially agree with your comments, ” …death by a thousand cuts”.

      I too experience what you are describing here. The health issues ‘are’ real. If you go down the nocebo path you end up with a scenario where one person sits on one side of the table and states that they have a headache. The other person says, “No you don’t”. How dumb is this? Correction, how ‘evil’ is this? The only people this helps are the Wind industry and their backers.

      When you stand back and look at what is happening here, the size of this Global brainwashing experiment becomes much clearer. We are filling paddocks with robots (wind turbines) that are controlled from another country (in our case here at Cape Bridgewater the turbines are switched on and off from Germany), whilst the wind farm itself is now owned by a State owned Chinese electricity company. These machines are both owned and controlled by far off lands and are replacing local jobs in Australian power stations with robots!

      I am not anti Global in the right circumstances. Take for example the fact that some Boeing (US) aircraft components are manufactured here in Australia. We need aviation. We are an island!

      And why are we not asking questions about National security? We are heading towards a situation where our electricity security is being controlled by another country. What are the long term implications of this? Why am I even asking these questions? I’m a musician. Not a politician.

      Local jobs and manufacturing are also at stake here. You only have to look at the situation in Portland, Victoria. You have a wind turbine manufacturing company with around 70 jobs at stake to the north of the city vs the aluminium smelter in the south which if it closes could put around 600 jobs at risk with a knock on effect of around 2000, due in part to high electricity prices.

      2000 jobs vs 70 jobs? You do the maths.

      I appreciate that aluminium production has environmental issues. But we need aluminium for all manner of things including health and defence applications, and it can be recycled.

      If for example we were to sort out clean cheap base load power and focus on projects like the VFT (Very Fast Train) or HS1 (High Speed 1), we could employ both the steel fabricator ‘and’ the aluminium manufacturer. The VFT would also help cut down transport emissions by taking cars off the road.

      Industrial wind turbines. Short term thinking for short term gain.

  5. Terry Conn says:

    This post is particularly relevant to NSW citizens right now because of the release of new guidelines to be released by the NSW Department of Planning. The current Minister is a wind farm proponent, even applauding the ACT government for its reverse auction system that supports developers building wind farms in NSW even though they will not allow a wind farm to be built in the A.C.T. The Minister and his Department’s new guidelines continue to show utter contempt for the states citizens and essentially give ‘carte blanche’ to developers. The only noise guideline is the standard 35 dba (or plus 5dba of measured background noise). For many years now it has been widely known that LFN and infrasound are major culprits causing ill health in citizens close to wind farms. Civil disobedience is likely to be the result of this continuing deliberate contempt for this public health issue. Past experience shows that submissions to the Department are totally ignored without so much as an ‘explanation’ – inviting submissions is a cynical ploy allowing them to say ‘well you had a chance to have a say’.

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