Economic Nonsense: Why Grid-Scale Battery Storage of Wind & Solar Power Can Never Work

At the recent Glasgow climate gabfest, plenty of hot air was dedicated to the mythical notion of grid-scale battery storage of wind and solar.

It’s true that renewable energy storage is setting the world on fire. But not as wind and solar acolytes might have hoped (see above and below). When giant lithium-ion batteries aren’t exploding in toxic balls of flame, their limited capacity means that they add a trivial occasional trickle of electricity to the grid; and do so at an astronomical cost.

The wind and solar acolyte would have us believe that if we throw another few billion dollars at Elon Musk, we will quickly overcome the inherent intermittency of wind and solar. But physics, economics, and even routine mathematics were never the strongest points of the wind and solar cult.

Michael O’Ceirin, on the other hand, always relishes the opportunity to run the numbers.  And, once again, concludes that none of the claims made about grid-sale battery storage add up.

A Simple Explanation of Energy Storage
Mike O’Ceirin
6 November 2021

In Australia, the federal government proposed at one time that a renewable energy station must guarantee supply of demand. Suppose as a builder of such a station you must not only account for the energy you generate but also have facilities that will give the same output when the wind decreases. As an example, suppose the SnowTown Wind Farm must do this. This station is highly efficient, having a “capacity factor” of 35%, but for the purposes of this exercise the assumption is made that it will be an average one. On the eastern grid of Australia, the “capacity factor” for wind is 28%. This means since this wind farm is 99 MW (Stage 1) in capacity per hour, to fulfil this 27.7 MWh would be required per hour. (99 × 0.28)

To be prudent, before committing to this requirement, a search of the data on wind performance in the area to find wind droughts would be done. See figure 1. It is found that at 09:00 on 5 June 2020 the wind stopped at this station. In fact, if you look closely, it started using electricity. The drought persisted for 30 hours until 15:00 on 6 June 2020. To keep dispatching energy at the agreed rate 831 MWh of storage is needed. (30 × 27.7)

A few years ago, here in Australia the State of South Australia had a major blackout.

Figure 1 – Wind Drought

To much fanfare the USA company Tesla proposed to build the largest grid scale battery of the time. This was subsequently done and has become known as the Hornsdale Reserve. With expansion it now has a capacity of 193.5MWh. The cost has been $172 million. To keep this single 99 MW power station going 4.3 of these would be needed. (831 ÷ 193.5 = 4.3) So, if it is possible to build a battery of sufficient size it will cost $740 million. (172 × 4.3 = 740) Wind turbine cost for 99 MW is $198 million. (99 × 2 = 198) So, the overall cost is $938 million (740 + 198  = 938) for the equivalent of a 30 MW gas powered electricity generator.

A costing has been done for the cost of such a generator, the General Electric LM6000. A single unit with an output of 47 MW costs $52.8 million. (938 ÷ 52.8 = 17.8) That is 18 times less!

The message is that there is no viable way lithium battery storage can present a cost-effective stabilisation of wind energy.

There are those who would say that by this article using one particular station the data have been cherry picked. No, not at all. The period in the chart above, figure 1, is typical of all wind stations on the Australian eastern grid at the time. Reality shows that wind patterns are very large and if you examine the eastern grid of Australia this is confirmed.

Figure 2 – NEM map (source)

This is the Australian eastern grid (figure 2). There are wind power stations in the north of Queensland down to Tasmania and across to South Australia. For those readers from other parts of the world, Australia is as big as the USA. This grid has an area of about 4,000,000 km² and there is little influence by area on the output of the wind stations.

Solar, for instance the Wemen which is 98 MW, does not have as long droughts, but it produces nothing every day for about 14 hours, and it does have variation. For instance, on 5th of June, during the time period above, the farm reaches a maximum of 30 MW then had no output for 14 hours until 6 June on which day it peaked at 60 MW. If calculated the expectation is there will be remarkably comparable results.

Note: all money amounts are AUD in this article.

Mike O’Ceirin

About stopthesethings

We are a group of citizens concerned about the rapid spread of industrial wind power generation installations across Australia.


  1. It’s even worse than Mike O’Ceirin described. Euan Mearns got data for all solar and wind production in all of England and Scotland with half-hour resolution for all of 2016. He calculated that to provide firm power (99.97% available) would require 390 watt hours’ storage per average watt of demand. Norman Rodgers did the same calculation for Texas and concluded 400 watt hours. Shaner et al got 36 years of geophyisical data with one hour resolution for all of North America and concluded 400-800 would be needed, depending upon location and the mix of solar and wind. I got generation data for California with one hour resolution for 2016-2020 and concluded the requirement would have been 3,000. Assuming the best, and using the widely-touted claim that an all-electric American energy economy would have 1,700 GWe average demand, and looking in Tesla’s catalog for price and longevity, the conclusion is that the cost of batteries would be AT LEAST FOUR TIMES TOTAL USA GDP EVERY YEAR!

    See and

  2. The birds bless you.

  3. Unfortunately the true believers will not recognise this obvious failing.
    It has been known for years and ignored for years.
    For those that think that CO2 is such a problem, the only viable alternative to fossil fuels is nuclear. Otherwise they had better prepare for blackouts on a regular basis.

  4. And then there is the cyclical cost of renewing solar panels every 25 years, wind turbines every 20 years, and batteries every 10 years.
    Taxpayer subsidies anybody?

  5. Marc deroover says:

    Because batteries need to be filled before being able to deliver power, it is required to take into account the chronology of wind power and load requirements.  If you do that, you realize that the problem is still worse that any problem you can identify working on average value.
    In the following article, the author has made a very simple simulation that shows the problems encountered, and the inherent limitations of the couple wind turbines / batteries. It is easy to read, and could change the way you see batteries.

    • A simple argument was the point. I am quite aware of the deficiency of batteries, even if they had the capacity. For the activist, distraction is the point not solutions.

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