Dirty Business: Wind Developer – AGL Creates Dust Storm & Destroys Fine Wool Business

Dirty Business: AGL’s dust storm destroys Gardner’s business.


Any farmer thinking of getting in bed with the wind industry, ought to think again, starting with this story.

As a rule, the wind industry treats its victims with contempt, and none more so than champion superfine merino wool growers, Annie and Gus Gardner.

The Gardners – along with the whole Macarthur community – have been belted with incessant turbine generated low-frequency noise and infrasound from AGL’s 140 Vestas 3MW V112s since December 2012.

AGL not only managed to destroy an entire community, with what is Australia’s largest public health disaster, during its construction, AGL completely destroyed the Gardner’s superfine merino wool growing enterprise.

Every one of the 140 turbines has a base of around 300-400 m³ of steel-reinforced concrete. That concrete requires crushed rock as the aggregate (crushed rock is also used as road base). That aggregate was generated on-site using giant rock crushers, which resulted in a constant dust storm that spewed over the Gardner’s property for months. Situated on that property were sheds in which the sheep were housed, in order to keep their prize-winning wool free from (ironically) dust and other impurities.

Instead of being safe and secure inside their shed, the Gardner’s prized merinos were bombarded by noise generated by the rock crushers and showered in a constant stream of fine mineral dust, which permeated every nook and cranny of their shed. The constant stream of dust not only posed a threat to the value of their wool, it also contaminated their water. The combined effect of constant dust, contaminated water and noise, which lasted the best part of six months, killed half of their livestock and ultimately destroyed their wool growing business.

Fed up with being treated like idiots by the goons that work for AGL, the Gardners have issued Supreme Court proceedings, seeking damages in the $millions. And rightly so.

Award-winning sheep farmers sue AGL over wind farm construction
The Age
Debbie Cuthbertson
30 June 2019

A farming couple whose sheep produced award-winning ultra-fine wool are suing energy giant AGL for $2.3 million for negligence, accusing it of destroying their business after more than half their flock died amid construction of a wind farm next door.

Andrew (Gus) Gardner, his wife, Ann, and their company, Marramok, are seeking $1.83 million in lost profits and $455,000 for lost use of profits.

In a statement of claim filed with the Supreme Court in January, the Gardners say 260 of their 400 ultra-fine-wool sheep died after construction on AGL’s adjoining Macarthur Wind Farm, near Hamilton in western Victoria, from late 2011 to mid-2012.

They allege dust emissions caused by construction of the wind farm were “noxious” and “caused a material injury to the sheep”.

In 2011 the Gardners, the sole shareholders in Marramok, won second prize in a competition run by luxury Italian menswear label Ermenegildo Zegna to find the finest and most valuable wool grown in Australia.

But they say they were inundated with dust and bombarded with noise from construction of the wind farm, including from rock crushers placed near their property, after which 260 of the sheep died and the remainder “became unable to produce ultra-fine wool”.

“The sheep were specially bred in that Ann and Gus had engaged in artificial selection of the sheep over many generations so as to produce ultra-fine wool of some of the highest quality … in the world,” their statement of claim reads.

The sheep were housed in a shed on the property, where the couple also have a home. They have been breeding the specialty sheep for more than 30 years.

“Between about 23 November 2011 and about May 2012, construction works at the site associated with the wind farm periodically caused significant quantities of dust to be emitted from the site and blow onto the land,” the statement of claim reads.

“Between about May and July 2012 … approximately 260 of Marramok’s sheep died … and the remaining sheep became unable to produce ultra-fine wool.

“Because of their special breeding, the sheep affected … could not be replaced by other sheep available on the market. Because of the adverse impacts, Marramok’s wool growing business was destroyed … and the value of shares held by Ann and Gus were diminished …

“AGL had a duty at common law … to take reasonable care to ensure that the dust emitted from construction works on the site did not injure the health of people or animals in the path of the dust.”

AGL knew the Gardners were operating a wool growing business on their property prior to it starting construction of the wind farm, the statement of claim says.

It was also aware of the Gardners’ concerns about dust emissions and the potential impacts on their sheep after they complained numerous times, the statement says.

The Gardners say the impact of construction was high when builders operated a rock crusher between December 13 and 20, 2011, and on March 27, 2012, and especially bad when it was used within 300 metres of their land between February 19 and March 3, 2012.

They were also affected by workers sifting dust in November 2011 and operating dump trucks on a turning pad in January 2012, their statement of claim says.

The statement documents dozens of complaints over consecutive months from the couple to AGL staff.

In response, “AGL apologised, promised that the dust would be abated and offered to pay for the Gardners’ home, furniture covers and bedding to be cleaned”.

“Once AGL received the complaints from the Gardners, AGL accepted a duty of care and admitted breach thereof, by apologising for the dust emissions, promising to mitigate them and offering to pay for cleaning,” the statement says.

However, AGL failed to abate dust emissions or tell builders to take sufficient steps to abate the dust, the Gardners say.

In its defence, filed by its lawyers in February, AGL admitted some allegations that dust had blown onto the Gardners’ land on occasion.

However, it denied a number of allegations, and said it had employed dust mitigation strategies, including reduced speed limits, use of water to suppress dust, use of dust monitors on the boundary of the Gardners’ property, and reducing use of machinery on windy days.

It made no admissions relating to any effect on the couple’s sheep.

“To the extent that any dust from the site permeated the shed at any stage, it does not know, and does not admit that any sheep were exposed to or ingested that dust,” the defence statement says.

“(I)f, which is denied, any dust emissions caused material injury to the sheep, that harm arose because of the abnormal sensitivity of the sheep kept by the plaintiffs.”

AGL sold its 50 per cent stake for $532 million in September 2015 to investment firm HRL Morrison & Co. However, it continues to maintain and operate the farm on behalf of HRL and Malakoff Corp, its other joint venture partner.

The case is expected to be heard in Warrnambool in late 2019.
The Age

AGL victims, Gus and Annie Gardner go on the offensive.

About stopthesethings

We are a group of citizens concerned about the rapid spread of industrial wind power generation installations across Australia.


  1. Reg brownell says:

    What a disgrace. What arrogance. It appears the Gardners have been pursuing AGL for eight years. No doubt this massive organisation is relying on its deep pockets and every legal advice to force the Gardners to back down. If the Supreme Court rules in favour of The Gardners I have no doubt AGL will appeal all the way up to the High Court in the expectation that either lack of funds or ageing/Health issues compel the Gardner’s to give up.

  2. Peter Pronczak says:

    At least sheep catching the dust stops ocean displacement – sorry about that.

    Having now passed $70 billion in alternative energy subsidy in AU, much going to solar arrays, it’s unfortunate many residents in high-rises, units and the poor, are subsidising those who can have solar panels.

    This is supposed to be a ‘fair go’ egalitarian society, but it appears to be far from it with lopsided politics.
    Why aren’t those being subsidised with cheaper electricity, paying back money they obviously owe, to those unable to ride the gravy train?

    Besides, it’s said that putting up panels has more to do with money than saving the planet.

  3. Reblogged this on Climate- Science.

  4. Reblogged this on ajmarciniak.

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